Badminton Olympic sport
The first references to a game with a winged ball can be found 2000 years ago in India, where paintings were found on the walls of caves depicting a flat tree as well as images of a winged game framed in a wooden ball. In 14th-century Japan, Iobane was played with dried cherries or small apples with a few wings attached to them instead of a ball. The winged ball game was also popular in Europe, but was quite different from badminton. In the Middle Ages, the winged ball game “Battledore and Shuttlecock” or “Jeu de Volant” was very popular in Europe, played mainly by the upper classes. The rules of the game are quite simple, the ball had to be played as many times as possible between the players (which is mistakenly called badminton in Georgia). There is a document of this fact which was published in 1830 and records someone touching the ball 2117 times by someone from the Summers family. At the end of the XVIII century, with the collapse of the feudal system, the game of winged ball was forgotten. In contrast, in India, the game known as “Poona” was continued by British officers, who in 1870 returned the sport to Europe, in particular to Great Britain. The history of badminton as a sport dates back to the XIX century. Returning from India in 1872, English officers showed their countrymen a winged ball game in the borough of Badminton, England. In the following years, badminton gained considerable popularity in the United Kingdom, which led to the creation of the Rules and the creation of the 1893 Sports Association. The first All England Championships have been held since 1899 and are still popular with badminton and Wimbledon tennis fans. In 1934, England, Wales, Scotland, Ireland, Denmark, the Netherlands, Canada, New Zealand, and France formed the first International Badminton Federation (IBF), which was joined two years later by India. Badminton’s international success was again brought about by the British, who successfully introduced the sport to the occupied territories after World War II. The Danes and Swedes managed to overthrow British rule in badminton. Also in the middle of the last century, the representatives of East Asia became very powerful, first Thailand and Malaysia, to which later Japan and Indonesia were added. China made great changes in badminton in the sixties, after which the speed of the game increased day by day. Prior to the Chinese, the previously dominant Scandinavians had no chance against the unknown style. Badminton was first introduced as a track sport at the 1972 Munich Olympics, followed by the introduction of sports licenses in 1979, and after its successful submission to the Seoul Olympics in 1988, badminton became an Olympic sport. Since the 1992 Barcelona Olympics, there have been regular Olympic competitions in various disciplines of this sport.
Badminton in Georgia
Badminton was introduced to Georgia in the early 1960s. The spread of this sport was facilitated by the first USSR championship held in Tbilisi in 1963, which was followed by the Georgian championship a year later. In addition to Tbilisi, badminton groups have opened in Kutaisi, Batumi, Sukhumi, Rustavi, Telavi, Gurjaani and Gachiani. Brothers Anatoly and Alexander Davidov, Levan Kurkhashvili, Vladimer Boryak and Davit Astakhishvili were distinguished among the first generation badminton players. Yulia Kondratieva became the first master of sports. Davit Kaviladze was successful in federal and international competitions in the 1980s, winning the International Friendship Tournament with the USSR team in 1983. Coaches: Givi Samsonadze, Levan Kurkhashvili, Anatoli Davidov, Otar Abzianidze, Victor Malyutin and others contributed to the development of badminton in Georgia.